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The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (QCER)

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment, abbreviated as CEFR, is a guideline used to describe achievements of learners of foreign languages across Europe.

Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe.

The Common European Framework of Reference for Languages identifies three broad sectors of skills ("Basic User", "Independent User" and "Proficient User"), divided into two levels for a total of six levels. It describes what an individual is able to do at each level: reading comprehension, listening comprehension, writing and speaking comprehension.


    A - Basic User
  • A1 - Breakthrough or beginner
  • A2 - Waystage or elementary

  • B - Independent User
  • B1 - Threshold or intermediate
  • B2 - Vantage or upper intermediate

  • C - Proficient User
  • C1 - Effective Operational Proficiency or advanced
  • C2 - Mastery or proficiency

To download the Common European Framework click here.